Shiva Temples in Kottayam District
There are more than 50 Shiva temples in Kottayam district. Here is a list of Shiva temples in Kottayam. Temples having Dwaja Prathishtas are listed first. Among these temples Ettumanoor Mahadeva Temple, Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple, Vaikom Mahadeva Temple, Truppakkudam Mahadeva Temple and Chirakkadavu Mahadeva Temple (all these temples are managed by Travancore Devaswam Board) have Swarna Dwaja Prathishtas (Golden Flag Posts).
Ettumanoor Mahadeva Temple
Ettumanoor Mahadeva Temple is one among the 108 Shivalayas created by Lord Parasurama and is located 13 km away from Kottayam town.
Vaikom Mahadeva Temple
The Vaikom Mahadevar temple is one of the most celebrated Shiva temples in South India and is one among the 108 Sivalayas created by Lord Parasurama.. Vaikom is located at a distance of 33km south of Ernakulam and 40 km north of Kottayam on the railroad between Ernakulam and Tiruvanandapuram. Legend has it that Khara (of the Khara Dhooshana demon duo) of Ramayana worshipped Shiva at Chidambaram and obtained from him three Shivalingams and journeyed holding one shivalingam on each hand and one in his mouth. He sojourned at Vaikom, and set the shivalingam on the ground and to his dismay realized that it had gotten rooted to the ground. Kharan therefore installed the other two shivalingams at Ettumanur and Kaduthuruthy. He entrusted the shivalingam at Vaikom to the care of Vyagrapadar. Vaikom therefore acquired the name Vyagrapuri which ultimately became Vaikom for short.
Kaduthuruthy Mahadeva Temple
Kaduthuruthy Mahadeva Temple is one among the 108 Sivalayas created by Lord Parasurama. Kaduthuruthy is a famous pilgrim center of Kottayam District and is on the Kottayam–Vaikom road. Kaduthuruthy is well known in the history books as carturte, caduthurutha, and sindhu dweepam which means a place surrounded by sea. It was a very famous port and commercial center in ancient days called as ‘Kadanthery.’ Historical evidences reveal that Kaduthuruthy was the capital city of Vadakancore kingdom in AD 1754. Kaduthuruthy is about 25 km from Kottayam and 15 km from Vaikom. The nearest railhead is Ettumanoor Railway Station. ,More.......
Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple
Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple is one among the 108 Sivalayas created by Lord Parasurama and is in the heart of Kottayam town. The sanctum-sanctorum is covered with pictures from the epics. Three festivals are celebrated here in Thulam (October-November) Mithunam (June-July) and Meenam (March-April) of which the last one is the most important. The Aaraattu, conducted on the last day of the festival, is the festival of Kottayam, irrespective of the caste and creeds. Thirunakkara Mahadeva temple is situated 1.5km away from Kottayam Railway Station. Right in the heart of the city of Kottayam ,this Siva Temple built in the grand architectural style unique to Kerala,by the Maharajah of Tekkumkoor. Sri Parameswara is the presiding deity. The main offerings in trhis temple are 'Chathu-satha' and Dhara.
The speciality of this temple is that, the Brahmin Ladies will not enter here and the people of a particular caste 'Moosad', will not carry the idols of the God. The annual ten-day festival at the temple draws to a close with the Aaraattu ceremony. Folk arts like Mayilattom, Velakali etc, are presented in the temple premises in the evening. Another major attraction is the Kathakali performances during the festival. ,More.......
Chirakkadavu Mahadeva Temple
Chirakkadavu Mahadeva Temple is located at Chirakkadavu which is on Kollam-Theni Road, about 32-km from Kottayam town. This shrine has over 100 years of history. The deity is Mahadeva (Shiva) and the idol is in the form of ‘Swayambu Lingam’ which was reportedly detected from the shadow of a Bilwa tree, the ancestors testify. The temple, probably built during the reign of Alwars at the site where the Lingam was seen, gained glorification gradually. The temple pond nearby was not dug. The place where the Lingam detected was an enundating area during monsoon. The temple was therefore raised on a bund for which soil was dug from nearby. The present pond is the place from where soil was dug for the bund. Pilgrims en-route to Sabarimala used to seek the blessings of Mahadeva and the pilgrims consider this deity as father of Lord Ayyappa in Sabarimala. Some of the Sabarimala pilgrims used to organize and conduct Ayyappapattu (the song to propitiate Lord Ayyappa) here.
Velathullal (a ritualistic dance) and Velakali (ritualistic play) by children between the age of 5 and 20 in warriors’ attires and holding swords and shields accompanied by drum beats during the festival are exclusively seen here only. One of the important rituals here is fish feeding called Meenari. The temple provides required rice for cash to the devotees who in turn feed the fish in the temple pond. This ritual is aimed at curing the ailments of dovotees and the members of their families. Many conduct this ritualistic offer daily. Jaladhara (bathing or pouring of water on the idol) and Mrithunjaya Pushpanjali (floral ritual for long life) are the other important offerings. Swayamvara Pushpanjali (floral ritual for marriage alliance) is also an equally important offering here. There is a Balikallu (sacrificing stone) which is abnormal in size. A sculpture and a granite carved oil lamp in front receive admiration from all. Equally admiration received is the intricate wood carvings. ,More.......
Vazhappally Mahadeva Temple
Vazhappally Mahadeva Temple is one among the 108 Sivalayas created by Lord Parasurama and is located at Mathumoola in Changanassery. A temple of Siddhi Vinayaka is situated within the compound walls of Vazhappally Mahadeva Temple. Mahaganapathy appam or Ottayappam, Unniyappam, Modakam, Vadamala, Ashtadravya Maha Ganapathy Homam and Mukkootti Pushpanjali are the main offerings.This temple has a Dhwaja Prathishta in front of Ganapathy (facing South). The ten day annual Utsavam in the month of Meenam (March-April) begins with Kodiyettu on Chathayam day and ends with Arattu on Thiruvathira day. Vinayaka Chathurthi is also celebrated here in a grand style.
This temple is managed by Travancore Devaswam Board. ,More.......
Parippu Mahadeva Temple
Parippu Sree Mahadeva Temple is the 27th temple among the 108 Sivalayas created by Lord Parasurama. In the Shivalaya Nama Stotra, Parippu is referred as Parippil. The word Parippu was derived from Bharippu (to rule). This temple is situated at Parippu in Aymanam panchayat of Kottayam district (9 kilometers from Kottayam town). The main deity Lord Shiva faces east. The main specialty of this temple is that there are two Balikkalpuras. The temple was renovated by Edappally King in AD 825. The Edappally King was a Brahmin and was known as Madathil Raja. The Parippu region was under Thekkumkoor kingdom and Edathil Raja or the King of Thekkumkoor was a Kshatriya. Madthil Raja and Edathil Raja were rivals but both were ardent devotees of Lord Shiva. In order to make sure that they don't see each other even during their temple visits, two Balikkal Puras were built here.
The 8 day long annual uthsavam is in the malayala month of Meenam (March-April). Bhadrakali Mattappalli Nampoothiri is the Tanthri. Three poojas were conducted daily. Shivarathry, Thiruvathira, Pradosham and Mondays are important days. Dhara, Pinvilakku, Pushpanjali, Payasam and Koovala Mala are the main offerings. Sree Krishna, Shastha, Ganapathy and Bhagavathy are the upadevathas (sub deities). ,More.......
Kadappattoor Mahadeva Temple
Kadappattoor is a small beautiful village situated on the banks of the Meenachil River near Pala in Kottayam District. Kadappattoor Mahadeva Temple is the important landmark of this village. Devotees can reach this temple either through Kadappattoor bridge near Pala Kottaramattam Municipal Bus Stand or through Pala Catheedral Church - Kadappattor Temple road near to Pala Valiyapalam (town bridge).
The legends of Kadappattor temple is aasociated with Sage Gauna. According to legends the Meenachil river starts from the Kamandalu of Gauna Maharshi like the river Kaveri from Agasthya Maharshi's Kamandalu. Hence this river got the name Gauna Nadi. Gauna Maharshi filled his Kamandalu with Sapthanadi Theertham (water from the 7 holy rivers - Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswathy, Sindhu, Narmmada, Godavari and Kaveri). A beautiful idol of Lord Subrahmanya was also kept in his kamandalu. He was eagerly waiting for the Darshan of Lord Sree Rama in his return journey to Ayodhya after killing Ravana. Sree Rama was accompanied by large number of devotees like Vibhishana, Sugreeva, Hanuman and Angada in the Pushpaka Vimana. So Maharshi Gauna could not see Lord Sri Rama and Sita Devi properly. So the angry Gauna threw the kamandalu away and the idol of Subrahmanya Swami came out. These incidents occured on a hill and since then the hill is known as Kudamuruttimala. This flow of water became a river and thus the present Gauna nadi was formed. Along wih the flow of the water, the idol was carried away to the Vishnu temple in Kidangoor and was later installed in a new sreekovil. This is the present Kidangoor Subrahmanya Swami Temple. So the water in Gauna river is as holy as the Sapthanadi Teertham. ,More.......
Puliyannoor Mahadeva Temple
Puliyannoor Mahadeva Temple is located at Puliyannoor near Pala. The temple is about 500 metres from the Ettumanoor - Poonjar state highway. Lord Shiva is the main deity worshipped here. The temple is well known as Cheruthil Valuthu Puliyannoor. The temple is now managed by the Puliyannoor Oorayma Temple Devaswom. Utsavam, the 8 day long festival, is held during the Kumbham month (February - March). Special festivals and pujas are also there during Vishu, Navaratri and the Mandala month, sacred to Lord Ayyappa.It is very well known as 'Cheruthil Valuthu Puliyannoor'. The temple is currently managed by joint Nampoothiri families known as 'Puliyannoor Ooranma Temple Devaswam'.The small yet compact temple complex radiates Puliyannoorappan's presence. The temple attracts devotees from all around Central Travancore. Every year 'Utsavam' or main festival is held during the 'Kumbam' month (February - March). It is a 8 day long festival. Also there are special pujas and festivities during Vishu, Navarathri, Mandala masam etc.
Lalam Mahadeva Temple
Lalam Mahadeva Temple is situated at the heart of Pala municipality. (just 150 meters from Pala Municipal private bus stand.) This temple is the oldest temple in Meenachil Taluk and was once the only temple in the 56 karas or villages of Meenachil. Lalam Mahadeva Temple is famous as Dakshina Kasi (Kasi of South). This temple is equivalent to Kasi Viswanatha Temple because of the presence of Lalam river (which flows towards east) and a cremation ground or Smasanam infront of the Temple.
The two tiered sreekovil is in rectangular shape. There is a copper dwaja infront of the Balikkalppura and two small gopurams in east and south sides. Ganapathy, Ayyappa, Yogeeswaran, Rakshass, Yakshi and Nagadevathas are the sub deities. The puna prathishta ceremony was conducted in 2001. More.......
Kizhathadiyoor Thrukkayil Mahadeva Temple
Kizhathadiyoor Thrukkayil Mahadeva Temple is located at Chethimattam in Pala municipality near to Meenachil Taluk N.S.S Union office. This old temple is the biggest temple in Pala region having a copper covered circular Sreekovil. Hence this temple is also famous as 'Chembitta ambalam'. There is no annual festival in this temple but Shivarathry is celebrated. Ganapathy, Annapoorneswary, Rakshass, Yakshi and Nagadevathas are the sub deities. Dhara, Rudrabhishekam, Pradosha Pooja, Ashtotharaarchana, Kadumpayasam, Ganapathy homam, Pinvilakku and Bhagavathy seva are the main offerings. This temple is managed by Travancore devaswom board. The renovation works are in progress. Devotees must also visit nearby Kizhathadiyoor Puthiyakavu Devi Temple in order to get full blessings of Lord Thrukkayilappan.
Vezhanganam Mahadeva Temple
Vezhanganam Mahadeva Temple is situated in Bharananganam Panchayath. It is located at a distance of 7 km from Pravithanam junction in Thodupuzha - Pala road and 9 km from Panaykkappalam junction in Pala - Erattupetta road. This temple is the common temple for 8 karas or villages (Vezhanganam, Choondacherry, Valiyakavumpuram, Thevarupadam, Nariyanganam, Pravithanam, Ullanadu and Kanjiramattam). According to the Devaprasna conducted in 1986, this temple is more than 1500 years old. The place name Vezhanganam is derived from 'Vezhamkanam' which means 'forest with elephents'.
The sreekovil is in square shape with a conical roof and have Garbhagruham. Here Lord Mahadeva is in Yogi form (meditating form). Ganapathy, Ayyappa, Bhagavathy, Rakshass, Yakshi and Nagadevathas are the sub deities. The puna prathishta ceremony was conducted on 1987 July 27 and Ashtabandha kalasam and Naveekarana kalasam was conducted in 2006 March. Prathishta dinam (June 27), Shivarathry, Thiruvathira, Mandalakalam, Ramayanm month and mondays are the important days. Puliyanoor Mundakkudi Illam Vishnu Nampoothiri is the Tanthri or chief priest.Dhara, Rudrabhishekam, Ashtotharaarchana, Kadumpayasam, Ganapathy homam, Pinvilakku, Neeranjanam and Bhagavathy seva are the main offerings. This temple is managed by Travancore devaswom board.
Thiruvayamkudy Mahadeva Temple
The temple is located at Ayamkudy near Kaduthuruthy. Ayamkudy is 4 km to the west of Kaduthuruthy. The history of the temple or its origin could be dated back as early as 890 AD. The main idol is a Swayambhoo Shivalinga, appeared in the Homagni (Sacred fire) in a Brahmin's house at Ayamkudy. This Brahmin (Namboothiri) was an ardent devotee of Vaikkathappan. According to the legend he was not able to reach the Vaikom temple for worship because of his ill health and hence, the Deity of Vaikom temple ( Lord Vaikathappan) appeared in his Upasana Homagni.The Antharjanam (wife of that Brahmin) discovered the Shivalingam while cleaning the Homakunda.While cleaning the Homakunda the Shivalinga was hurt and a small hole was made on the top of the Linga and it started to bleed. The Brahmin realised the presense of Lord Shiva. Sandal paste was applied on the Linga and he lightened a Neyvilakku (ghee lamp) infront of the Linga. The temple was constructed later and it stands presently as the top center of the village. There seem to have been seven ooranma families (owners) of the temple. The present ooranma families include Pattamana Illam, Ettikkada Illam, Rishi Illam, Marangattu Illam, Panthalloor Illam, Ramalloor Perumpadathikkadu Illam and Neithasseri Illam.
The temple has a Rahasya ara (secret cabin) where the divine power is located. This is considered as the power source for Thiruvayamkudi Mahadeva. The cabin is well protected with granite stones and this is one of the specialities that is worth mentioning. A lamp is lighted everyday in front of this, before the other main lamps are lighted. A serpent is believed to be sitting in front of this to safeguard the place.
There is also a well, with a continuous and everlasting spring with cool water. This is believed to have connection with the Ganga originating from the divine head of Lord Shiva. Although the well is situated in the uppermost part of the village, its water has never gone below a certain level. Water level here is maintained even when most of the wells in the village are dried.
The Ayamkudy village seems to have been always blessed with the grace of Thiruvayamkudiyappan and it has been a center of the learned and learning for centuries. It has always been a center for learning Rig Veda with many experts resident in the village. Education in the Rig Veda takes nearly seven years and the coaching was always associated with the temple. Hence the temple has witnessed many generations learning the Veda and the echoes of Rig Veda chanting had purified the atmosphere of the temple for centuries.Until recently, the temple was also been famous for its assets in the form of land. However, the situation has dramatically changed in the recent past.
The 6 day annual Utsavam in the temple is associated with Mahasivaraathri. It comes in the Malayala month of Kumbham (February-March). The festival starts with Kodiyettu, Pallivetta on Shivarathry and ends with the Aaraattu , which is conducted on the Amaavasi day (the very next day of Mahasivaraathri) in this month. The main functions associated with the festiaval are Kalabhabhishekam, Kodiyettu, Uthsavabali, Sreebhoothabali, Mulapooja ,Sivaraathri Pooja, Pallivetta, Vilakkezhunnelipu, Aarattu etc.
Veda Mantra Japam, Chandanamcharthal, Vilwamalyam, Pinvilakku, Ushanivedyam, Thinkalazcha(Monday) pooja and Neyvilakku are the main offerings here.Ganapathy, Subrahmanya and Sree Krishna are the subdieties.
Truppakkudam Mahadeva Temple
Thazhathangady Taliyil Mahadeva Temple
Anthinadu Mahadeva Temple
Ithithanam Chiravammuttam Mahadeva Temple
Kangazha Mahadeva Temple
Kudamaloor Iraveeswaram Mahadeva Temple
Thengana Mahadeva Temple
Palliyampuram Mahadeva Temple
Chotty Mahadeva Temple
Pothy Thrukkarayikkulam Mahadeva Temple
Valavoor Mahadeva Temple
Poovarany Mahadeva Temple
Mariyappally Mahadeva Temple
Kallara Chozhikkara Mahadeva Temple
Amayannoor Mahadeva Temple
Parampuzha Peringalloor Mahadeva Temple
Nagampadam Mahadeva Temple
Trukkapaleeswaram Mahadeva Temple
Andoor Mahadeva Temple
Puthuveli Mahadeva Temple
Uzhavoor Karunechi Mahadeva Temple
Malloossery Thidamboor Mahadeva Temple
Mallorkkara Mahadeva Temple
Parambam Thrukkayil Mahadeva Temple
Irumbayam Perumthattu Mahadeva Temple
Velloor Mahadeva Temple
Areepparambu Mahadeva Temple
Pirayar Shiva Kulangara Mahadeva Temple
Payippadu Mahadeva Temple
Thottakkattu Ambalakkavala Mahadeva Temple
Manganam Thamarassery Mahadeva Temple
Vallakam Thuruvelikkunnu Mahadeva Temple
Talanadu Njaneswaram Mahadeva Temple
Manjadikkara Mahadeva Temple
Vayppoor Mahadeva Temple
Anikkadu Kizhakkidambu Mahadeva Temple
Puthuppally Thrukkovil Mahadeva Temple
Lakkattoor Shiva Parvathy Temple
Nattakam Shiva Parvathy Temple
Palaveli Sree Virad Viswakarma Mahadeva Temple
Sreekandeswaram Mahadeva Temple Manjoor
Kadannakkudy Mahadeva Temple
Idamattam Pankappadu Mahadeva Temple
Peringalam Mahadeva Temple
Veliyannoor Perumattam Mahadeva Temple
Cherppunkal Pullappally Mahadeva Temple
Thambalakkadu Mahadeva Temple
Thrukkothamangalam Mahadeva Temple
Kuravilangadu Mahadeva Temple
Dhruvapuram Mahadeva Temple
Chembilavu Ponkunnathu Mahadeva Temple
Kidangoor Uthameswaram Mahadeva Temple